Azerbaijan Railways switched to alternating current electric locomotive
The transition to alternating current by improving traction of electric locomotives will have a positive effect on an increase in the volume of goods transported by rail and an increase in the number of passengers.
For the first time in the history of the Azerbaijan Railways passed the test, the transition to the AC system. The first test drive of the new AC electric locomotive took place at the Alabashli station near Ganja and was successful.
The transition to alternating current will save electricity and other resources, optimize costs, simplify operation, increase the speed of trains, and ultimately will have a positive effect on the growth of passenger and freight traffic.
Electric locomotives currently account for 90% of the locomotive fleet in Azerbaijan, and Azerbaijan Railways plans to expand the use of alternating current. For this, 12 traction substations were built and 768 km of the overhead line were reconstructed. Alstom has also ordered 40 AC freight locomotives and 10 passenger locomotives operating on both DC and AC. 13 freight and 10 passenger locomotives have already been delivered to Azerbaijan.
Azerbaijan Railways is building two modern locomotive depots in Bilajari and Ganja to maintain and service AC electric locomotives in accordance with international operational standards.
It should be noted that 23 drivers of the Azerbaijan Railways successfully completed training on the simulator in October 2019 in Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan, as part of the work on the transition to alternating current, and received a certificate.